Garment production terms


Reference sample

An existing product similar to the one you want to make.
For referencing texture, size, silhouette and pattern specification.
Any clothes you own or a product you made previously may be useful.
With the reference sample it is easier to transmit a more accurate idea of your design to our staff and it will make the time period of the process shoter. We will keep the sample during the production process. We will also use it to share the design with sewing factories.
We will return the sample after the production process is finished.

Reference image

An image or photo similar to the clothing you want to make.
It may be difficult to describe in words or you may not know the terms for details such as the feeling of texture, embroidery or other processing methods. Please use photographs or illustration to specify your idea. It will help to make the production more accurate and quick.

Sewing specifications

It is a document that describes the necessary instructions to sew the garment.
It includes a production code of the fabric, lining, buttons, accessories, size of the final product, thread thickness and the measurement of the necessary materials for one unit, etc.
We will make and store the sewing specifications. Please note that we will not distribute them.
If you already have the specifications, it is possible to shorten the time period of the production process.
Please feel free to ask our staff any questions about the specifications.


It is a type of template to help cut and sew fabric.
Clothes will be three-dimensionally assembled in several parts (collar, sleeves, body, etc.).
In the pattern, each part has been drawn in the unfolded plan. It can be separated into parts by cutting the fabric according to the instruction lines.
There are also instruction listed about darts, stitching, connecting of sleeves, the position of pockets and buttons.
The creation of the pattern is a very important step in the garment production since a millimeter difference can impact the size and comfort.

A master pattern will be made as a reference for size grading.
If more than one size is necessary we will make patterns for each size based on the master pattern by size grading.

Typical T-shirt production example

– Master pattern making:
100 USD ~

– Size grading:
50 USD ~ / size

Outer fabric

The fabric to be used on the surface of the garment. Fabric to be used for other than the surface (such as the lining) is not included.
Sewing factories will vary for each type of fabric. The Fabrics are roughly divided into textile fabrics such as broadcloth, oxford cloth, gabardine, tweed, and knitted fabrics such as jersey, fleece, lace and pile cloth.
There is also a product there are knitted directly from yarn such as sweaters and cardigans.


Any other part to construct a garment other than outer fabric is called accessories.
Lining (fabric that is used to line the inside of the garment), interfacing (fabric that is used to add stiffness to the clothes), buttons, zippers, shoulder pads, etc.

Additional materials

Other materials used separately from the garment itself. It is used to give care instructions, material description or brand name.
It is often required when you make clothing for sale.
There are several types of tags: “care label” which has fabric composition, country of origin or reseller name; “brand name” which has embroidered or printed brand logo; “hang tag” which has production code and sales price printed.

Secondary processing

The production process to provide the design and texture to the clothes other than sewing.
This process includes print and embroidery, product treatment such as cemical-wash and bleach to change the color tone and texture, water-repellent and waterproof functions, skirt pleating.
Our staff will advise on the best appropriate process based on your design.
Please let us know the design with illustrations, photos and reference samples.

* Please note that we do not create designs for printing or embroidery.


Because clothing is a three-dimensional object, it is often subject to look different from what you imagined when it was flat. First, we create a “sample” to visually check the specifications and agree on the design between the customer and staff. The sample will be made with the same materials and produced in the same sewing way as the final product.

* You might like to make several samples.

* It might be nessesary to create multiple samples to determine specifications.

Typical T-shirt production example

120 USD ~ / unit (outer fabric and additional material included)

* The above price is the cost for when the sample is made in a production factory.
In case of making the sample only, the price will change because it will be sewn in a sample factory.